Dwarf Mugo Pine Pinus mugo var. pumilio

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A popular dwarf conifer displaying dark green needles on dense branches. A very useful, slow growing evergreen for rock gardens, mass plantings, and in mixed groupings with broadleaf plants. Makes a great container specimen.
Grows easily in enriched, loamy and well-drained soils. Water deeply and regularly during the first growing season to establish an extensive root system; reduce frequency, once established. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring.
Average Size at Maturity
Slow growing; reaches 3 to 5 ft. tall, 6 to 10 ft. wide in 10 years.
Bloom Time
Conifer; prized for foliage.
Design Ideas
Although Mugo Pine can grow taller with age, in the Japanese garden it is very carefully clipped into a neat mounding form. Of the small conifers, this is the easiest to grow in gardens and is often used individually or in small clusters with boulders. Has become popular as an evergreen contrast in perennial borders, but it's best used amidst other dwarf shrubs needing texture variations.
Deciduous/ Evergreen
Foliage Color
Dark Green
Garden Style
Asian/Zen, Contemporary, Rustic
Growth Habit
Growth Rate
Landscape Use
Border, Container, Mass Planting, Rock Garden, Specimen, Topiary, Woodland Garden, Wildlife Garden, Urban Garden
Light Needs
Full sun
Soil Needs
All-Purpose Plant Food
Special Feature
Dense Habit, Easy Care, Extreme Cold Hardiness, Showy Fruit, Waterwise, Year-round Interest, Bird Friendly
Water Needs
Watering Needs
Once established, water occasionally; more in extreme heat or containers.
Key Feature
Year-Round Interest